In the present study, we examined the involvement of the sigma1 receptor in the inhibitory effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluvoxamine, compared with that of paroxetine, on marble-burying behavior, which is an animal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sigma1 receptor agonists (+)-SKF 10047 and PRE-084 significantly inhibited marble-burying behavior. Sigma receptor antagonist BD 1047 and selective sigma1 receptor antagonist BD 1063 significantly attenuated the inhibition of marble-burying behavior by fluvoxamine. In contrast, selective sigma2 receptor antagonist SM-21 failed to affect the inhibition of marble-burying behavior by fluvoxamine. On the other hand, BD 1047 and BD 1063 had no effect on the inhibition of marble-burying behavior by paroxetine. These observations show that activation of the sigma1 receptor is a necessary component in the inhibitory effect of fluvoxamine on marble-burying behavior, and that the mechanism of its action is clearly different from that of paroxetine.
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