A colorimetric method for fast, simple, and selective detection of Cu2+ was developed using I-mediated etching of triangular gold nanoplates (AuNPLs). The method was based on our finding that Cu2+ efficiently promoted this etching in the presence of SCN-. The etching process was accompanied by a dramatic color change from blue to red, allowing for visual and spectroscopic detection of Cu2+ with detection limits of 10 and 1 μM, respectively. When molecular recognition by a DNA aptamer was incorporated into this method, visual detection of chloramphenicol was also achieved with a detection limit of 5 μM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)