Polyelectrolytes are ubiquitous materials, and their unique properties originate from dissociation of ionic groups to the small number of macromolecular ions and the large number of small counterions. They have been exploited only in water or high-dielectric media and scarcely in nonpolar ones (εi < 10). Herein, we demonstrate that poly(octadecyl acrylate) bearing tetraalkylammonium tetraarylborate as ionic groups behaves as a polyelectrolyte in the common nonpolar organic solvents such as chloroform, THF, and 1,2-dichloroethane. Conductivity measurement, DOSY NMR spectroscopy, and viscosity measurements clearly indicate that they form the extended conformation in them. This result emphasizes that the ionic polymers bearing suitable ion pairs ionizable in the given media act as polyelectrolytes. Various characteristic properties and processes of polyelectrolytes should be realized in nonpolar media by designing ion pairs and polymer chains in the ionic polymers. Moreover, our results imply that electrostatic interaction is readily available as a long-range repulsive force even in the nonpolar media.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry