非合理的事象は幼児の誤信念理解を促進するか:自己の驚きを手がかりとした心的状態の推論

Translated title of the contribution: Irrational Outcomes Promote Young Children's Understanding of False Beliefs

佐藤 賢輔, 実藤 和佳子

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study investigated whether surprising outcomes promote young children’s understanding of false beliefs. Thirty-three 3-year-olds (3;4–4;3) and 36 4-year-olds (4;4–5;3) completed three kinds of false belief tasks. One of the tasks included irrational events (an object in a pot suddenly disappeared and another object appeared unexpectedly). The other two tasks had a similar story structure to the “irrational task” did not include the surprising disappearance/appearance of objects. Children in both age groups gave more correct answers on the irrational tasks than on the other two tasks. Although the proportion of correct answers for irrational tasks did not significantly exceed a chance level, consistency of answers on the irrational tasks was high, especially among 4-year-olds. These findings suggest that children used the surprising experiences aroused by irrational events as a cue to draw inferences about others’ and their own false beliefs. The results also indicate that children’s hindsight bias may interfere with their mind-reading processes, and that a mechanism to represent false beliefs is in operation before children become able to pass standard false belief tasks.
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)348-357
Number of pages10
Journal発達心理学研究
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cues
Reading
Age Groups

Cite this

非合理的事象は幼児の誤信念理解を促進するか:自己の驚きを手がかりとした心的状態の推論. / 佐藤賢輔; 実藤和佳子.

In: 発達心理学研究, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2013, p. 348-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2bccce6dd85f4f629878247e79eed29a,
title = "非合理的事象は幼児の誤信念理解を促進するか:自己の驚きを手がかりとした心的状態の推論",
abstract = "The present study investigated whether surprising outcomes promote young children’s understanding of false beliefs. Thirty-three 3-year-olds (3;4–4;3) and 36 4-year-olds (4;4–5;3) completed three kinds of false belief tasks. One of the tasks included irrational events (an object in a pot suddenly disappeared and another object appeared unexpectedly). The other two tasks had a similar story structure to the “irrational task” did not include the surprising disappearance/appearance of objects. Children in both age groups gave more correct answers on the irrational tasks than on the other two tasks. Although the proportion of correct answers for irrational tasks did not significantly exceed a chance level, consistency of answers on the irrational tasks was high, especially among 4-year-olds. These findings suggest that children used the surprising experiences aroused by irrational events as a cue to draw inferences about others’ and their own false beliefs. The results also indicate that children’s hindsight bias may interfere with their mind-reading processes, and that a mechanism to represent false beliefs is in operation before children become able to pass standard false belief tasks.",
author = "賢輔 佐藤 and 和佳子 実藤",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.11201/jjdp.24.348",
language = "Japanese",
volume = "24",
pages = "348--357",
journal = "発達心理学研究",
issn = "0915-9029",
publisher = "一般社団法人 日本発達心理学会",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - 非合理的事象は幼児の誤信念理解を促進するか:自己の驚きを手がかりとした心的状態の推論

AU - 佐藤, 賢輔

AU - 実藤, 和佳子

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The present study investigated whether surprising outcomes promote young children’s understanding of false beliefs. Thirty-three 3-year-olds (3;4–4;3) and 36 4-year-olds (4;4–5;3) completed three kinds of false belief tasks. One of the tasks included irrational events (an object in a pot suddenly disappeared and another object appeared unexpectedly). The other two tasks had a similar story structure to the “irrational task” did not include the surprising disappearance/appearance of objects. Children in both age groups gave more correct answers on the irrational tasks than on the other two tasks. Although the proportion of correct answers for irrational tasks did not significantly exceed a chance level, consistency of answers on the irrational tasks was high, especially among 4-year-olds. These findings suggest that children used the surprising experiences aroused by irrational events as a cue to draw inferences about others’ and their own false beliefs. The results also indicate that children’s hindsight bias may interfere with their mind-reading processes, and that a mechanism to represent false beliefs is in operation before children become able to pass standard false belief tasks.

AB - The present study investigated whether surprising outcomes promote young children’s understanding of false beliefs. Thirty-three 3-year-olds (3;4–4;3) and 36 4-year-olds (4;4–5;3) completed three kinds of false belief tasks. One of the tasks included irrational events (an object in a pot suddenly disappeared and another object appeared unexpectedly). The other two tasks had a similar story structure to the “irrational task” did not include the surprising disappearance/appearance of objects. Children in both age groups gave more correct answers on the irrational tasks than on the other two tasks. Although the proportion of correct answers for irrational tasks did not significantly exceed a chance level, consistency of answers on the irrational tasks was high, especially among 4-year-olds. These findings suggest that children used the surprising experiences aroused by irrational events as a cue to draw inferences about others’ and their own false beliefs. The results also indicate that children’s hindsight bias may interfere with their mind-reading processes, and that a mechanism to represent false beliefs is in operation before children become able to pass standard false belief tasks.

U2 - 10.11201/jjdp.24.348

DO - 10.11201/jjdp.24.348

M3 - 記事

VL - 24

SP - 348

EP - 357

JO - 発達心理学研究

JF - 発達心理学研究

SN - 0915-9029

IS - 3

ER -