Isolation and characterisation of lactic acid bacterium for effective fermentation of cellobiose into optically pure homo l-(+)-lactic acid

Mohamed Ali Sayed Mohamed Abdelrahman, Yukihiro Tashiro, Takeshi Zendo, Keisuke Shibata, Kenji Sonomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effective utilisation of cellulosic biomasses for economical lactic acid production requires a microorganism with potential ability to utilise efficiently its major components, glucose and cellobiose. Amongst 631 strains isolated from different environmental samples, strain QU 25 produced high yields of l-(+)-lactic acid of high optical purity from cellobiose. The QU 25 strain was identified as Enterococcus mundtii based on its sugar fermentation pattern and 16S rDNA sequence. The production of lactate by fermentation was optimised for the E. mundtii QU25 strain. The optimal pH and temperature for batch culturing were found to be 7.0°C and 43°C, respectively. E. mundtii QU 25 was able to metabolise a mixture of glucose and cellobiose simultaneously without apparent carbon catabolite repression. Moreover, under the optimised culture conditions, production of optically pure l-lactic acid (99.9%) increased with increasing cellobiose concentrations. This indicates that E. mundtii QU 25 is a potential candidate for effective lactic acid production from cellulosic hydrolysate materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1049
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2011

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Cellobiose
Fermentation
Lactic Acid
Bacteria
Catabolite Repression
Glucose
Enterococcus
Ribosomal DNA
Biomass
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Isolation and characterisation of lactic acid bacterium for effective fermentation of cellobiose into optically pure homo l-(+)-lactic acid. / Abdelrahman, Mohamed Ali Sayed Mohamed; Tashiro, Yukihiro; Zendo, Takeshi; Shibata, Keisuke; Sonomoto, Kenji.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 89, No. 4, 01.02.2011, p. 1039-1049.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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