The ω-agatoxin-IVA-sensitive P/Q-type Ca2+ channel is predominantly expressed in the nervous system. To dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying the neuron-specific expression of the P/Q-type channel, we have isolated and characterized the 5'-upstream region of the mouse α(1A) subunit gene. A transcription start site appeared to exist at -269 bp upstream from the start codon as found by 5' RACE analysis. The proximal promoter of the α(1A) subunit gene lacks a typical TATA box, but contains several transcription factor binding sequences, including two Sp1 sites. When linked to a placental alkaline phosphatase (FLAP) reporter gene to examine the promoter activity, the 6.3-kb (-6273 to +269) 5'-upstream region, but not a smaller 3.0-kb construct (-3021 to +269), was able to drive the reporter gene in neuron-like PC12 cells. In contrast, neither of these constructs enhanced the FLAP expression in fibroblast NIH3T3 cells. The sequence between 6.3 and 3.0 kb of the 5'-upstream region did not show promoter activity in either of the cell lines, but enhanced TK promoter activity in PC12 cells, though not in NIH3T3 cells. These results suggest that neuron-specific elements of the α(1A) subunit gene are likely to be located in the distal upstream regions(-6273 to -3021) of the 5'-upstream sequence.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 24 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology