Purpose: This study explored the superiority of temozolomide (TMZ) + interferonβ (IFNβ) to standard TMZ as treatment for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) via randomized phase II screening design. Experimental design: Eligibility criteria included histologically proven GBM, with 50% of the tumor located in supratentorial areas, without involvement of the optic, olfactory nerves, and pituitary gland and without multiple lesions and dissemination. Patients in the TMZ + radiotherapy (RT) arm received RT (2.0 Gy/fr/day, 30 fr) with TMZ (75 mg/m 2 , daily) followed by TMZ maintenance (100–200 mg/m 2 /day, days 1–5, every 4 weeks) for 2 years. Patients in the TMZ + IFNβ + RT arm intravenously received IFNβ (3 MU/body, alternative days during RT and day 1, every 4 weeks during maintenance period) and TMZ + RT. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). The planned sample size was 120 (one-sided alpha 0.2; power 0.8). Results: Between Apr 2010 and Jan 2012, 122 patients were randomized. The median OS with TMZ + RT and TMZ + IFNβ + RT was 20.3 and 24.0 months (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.65–1.55; one-sided log rank P = 0.51). The median progression-free survival times were 10.1 and 8.5 months (HR 1.25, 95% CI 0.85–1.84). The incidence of neutropenia with the TMZ + RT and the TMZ + IFNβ + RT (grade 3–4, CTCAE version 3.0) was 12.7 versus 20.7% during concomitant period and was 3.6 versus 9.3% during maintenance period. The incidence of lymphopenia was 54.0 versus 63.8% and 34.5 versus 41.9%. Conclusions: TMZ + IFNβ + RT is not considered as a candidate for the following phase III trial, and TMZ + RT remained to be a most promising treatment. This trial was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry: UMIN000003466.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cancer Research