Kaluza-Klein braneworld cosmology with static internal dimensions

Sugumi Kanno, David Langlois, Misao Sasaki, Jiro Soda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the Kaluza-Klein braneworld cosmology from the point of view of observers on the brane. We first generalize the Shiromizu-Maeda-Sasaki (SMS) equations to higher dimensions. As an application, we study a (4 + n)-dimensional brane with n dimensions compactified on the brane, in a (5 + n)-dimensional bulk. By assuming that the size of the internal space is static, that the bulk energy-momentum tensor can be ignored, we determine the effect of the bulk geometry on the Kaluza-Klein braneworld. Then we derive the effective Friedmann equation on the brane. It turns out that the Friedmann equation explicitly depends on the equation of state, in contrast to the braneworld in a 5-dimensional bulk spacetime. In particular, in a radiation-dominated era, the effective Newton constant depends logarithmically on the scale factor. If we include a pressureless matter on the brane, this dependence disappears after the radiation-matter equality. This may be interpreted as stabilization of the Newton constant by the matter on the brane. Our findings imply that the Kaluza-Klein braneworld cosmology is quite different from the conventional Kaluza-Klein cosmology even at low energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-713
Number of pages13
JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics
Volume118
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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