Kinetic Analysis for the Multistep Profiles of Organic Reactions: Significance of the Conformational Entropy on the Rate Constants of the Claisen Rearrangement

Yosuke Sumiya, Yutaka Nagahata, Tamiki Komatsuzaki, Tetsuya Taketsugu, Satoshi Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The significance of kinetic analysis as a tool for understanding the reactivity and selectivity of organic reactions has recently been recognized. However, conventional simulation approaches that solve rate equations numerically are not amenable to multistep reaction profiles consisting of fast and slow elementary steps. Herein, we present an efficient and robust approach for evaluating the overall rate constants of multistep reactions via the recursive contraction of the rate equations to give the overall rate constants for the products and byproducts. This new method was applied to the Claisen rearrangement of allyl vinyl ether, as well as a substituted allyl vinyl ether. Notably, the profiles of these reactions contained 23 and 84 local minima, and 66 and 278 transition states, respectively. The overall rate constant for the Claisen rearrangement of allyl vinyl ether was consistent with the experimental value. The selectivity of the Claisen rearrangement reaction has also been assessed using a substituted allyl vinyl ether. The results of this study showed that the conformational entropy in these flexible chain molecules had a substantial impact on the overall rate constants. This new method could therefore be used to estimate the overall rate constants of various other organic reactions involving flexible molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11641-11649
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume119
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 3 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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