Kinetics of root ion absorption affected by environmental factors and transpiration I. Measurement system for intact roots

Yuki Sago, Daisuke Yasutake, Kota Hidaka, Eriko Yasunaga, Toshihiko Eguchi, Satoshi Yoshida, Kitano Masaharu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For sustainable production of high-quality plants, information about kinetics of root absorptive functions responding to change in environmental condition is essential. A system for measuring rates of water absorption, ion absorption and respiration in intact roots was developed, and the system performance was found to be reliable with a relative error less than 3.5% and applicable under different root zone temperatures and dissolved O2 concentrations. Furthermore, the simultaneous measurements of rates of water and ion absorption enabled the evaluation of ion concentration in the xylem sap. The root absorptive functions were enhanced with increase in root zone temperature, and root respiration was depressed by the low dissolved O 2 under the high root zone temperature of 35°C. In addition, the absorbed water diluted the xylem sap, and this dilution effect on the concentration of each ion in the xylem sap appeared in different patterns. These results suggest that the system developed is applicable for the analyses of the absorptive functions of intact roots responding to change in environmental condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Control in Biology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2011

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root zone temperature
transpiration
sap
ions
xylem
kinetics
environmental factors
water uptake
water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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abstract = "For sustainable production of high-quality plants, information about kinetics of root absorptive functions responding to change in environmental condition is essential. A system for measuring rates of water absorption, ion absorption and respiration in intact roots was developed, and the system performance was found to be reliable with a relative error less than 3.5{\%} and applicable under different root zone temperatures and dissolved O2 concentrations. Furthermore, the simultaneous measurements of rates of water and ion absorption enabled the evaluation of ion concentration in the xylem sap. The root absorptive functions were enhanced with increase in root zone temperature, and root respiration was depressed by the low dissolved O 2 under the high root zone temperature of 35°C. In addition, the absorbed water diluted the xylem sap, and this dilution effect on the concentration of each ion in the xylem sap appeared in different patterns. These results suggest that the system developed is applicable for the analyses of the absorptive functions of intact roots responding to change in environmental condition.",
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AU - Sago, Yuki

AU - Yasutake, Daisuke

AU - Hidaka, Kota

AU - Yasunaga, Eriko

AU - Eguchi, Toshihiko

AU - Yoshida, Satoshi

AU - Masaharu, Kitano

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