九州大学総合研究博物館所蔵キンシX線管: 最初期の国産ガスX線管の開発過程

Translated title of the contribution: Kinshi Gas X-ray Tube in a Collection of the Kyushu University Museum: Development Processes of Early Japanese Gas X-ray Tubes

松本 隆史, 岩永 省三

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, we report our research on a Japanese gas x-ray tube having a brand mark of the Kinshi-bird (a mysterious golden kite which appears in Nihonshoki: an early historiography of Japan), which is in a collection of the Kyushu University Museum. The research proposed to reveal the tube's origin, model and manufacturer.
By the research, it has been clarified the process how gas x-ray tubes production had started in Japan around 1915. In addition, we have revealed that a demonstration and release of Dr. Hida's X-ray Tube manufactured by Yamatoya (a glass dealer owned by Mr. Sosuke Morikawa in Nihombashi Tokyo) were most likely the earliest, and the Giba X-ray Tubes by Tokyo Electric (a predecessor company of Toshiba) has been demonstrated and released a half year later.
Dr. Shichiro Hida was a teacher in radiology at the Army Medical School. In 1913, he has ordered Yamatoya to develop Japanese tubes based on his advices from his research in Germany back in 1910. Dr. Hida's first two tubes were modeled after the German tubes: Müller Rapid and the Gundelach's. His tubes did not have brand or model names when Yamatoya and two other shops started distribution in April 1915, but later the Kinshi was branded in 1916 in the process of market competition with Tokyo Electric. Then, Yamatoya had also spun off its production sector of x-ray tubes to a company: Morikawa Seisakusyo.
The tube in our collection has characteristics of Dr. Hida's Müller-type tube, but there still remains a question why the tube has metallic parts similar to the Giba X-ray Tube. Therefore, we have set up two hypothetical reasons; it is a Yamatoya/Morikawa's product choosing parts similar to those of the Tokyo Electric's, or a Tokyo Electric's product repaired or refurbished but Yamatoya/Morikawa.
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)17-43
Number of pages27
Journal技術と文明 : 日本産業技術史学会会誌 : journal of the Japan Society for the History of Industrial Technology
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2017

Cite this

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title = "九州大学総合研究博物館所蔵キンシX線管: 最初期の国産ガスX線管の開発過程",
abstract = "In this paper, we report our research on a Japanese gas x-ray tube having a brand mark of the Kinshi-bird (a mysterious golden kite which appears in Nihonshoki: an early historiography of Japan), which is in a collection of the Kyushu University Museum. The research proposed to reveal the tube's origin, model and manufacturer.By the research, it has been clarified the process how gas x-ray tubes production had started in Japan around 1915. In addition, we have revealed that a demonstration and release of Dr. Hida's X-ray Tube manufactured by Yamatoya (a glass dealer owned by Mr. Sosuke Morikawa in Nihombashi Tokyo) were most likely the earliest, and the Giba X-ray Tubes by Tokyo Electric (a predecessor company of Toshiba) has been demonstrated and released a half year later. Dr. Shichiro Hida was a teacher in radiology at the Army Medical School. In 1913, he has ordered Yamatoya to develop Japanese tubes based on his advices from his research in Germany back in 1910. Dr. Hida's first two tubes were modeled after the German tubes: M{\"u}ller Rapid and the Gundelach's. His tubes did not have brand or model names when Yamatoya and two other shops started distribution in April 1915, but later the Kinshi was branded in 1916 in the process of market competition with Tokyo Electric. Then, Yamatoya had also spun off its production sector of x-ray tubes to a company: Morikawa Seisakusyo. The tube in our collection has characteristics of Dr. Hida's M{\"u}ller-type tube, but there still remains a question why the tube has metallic parts similar to the Giba X-ray Tube. Therefore, we have set up two hypothetical reasons; it is a Yamatoya/Morikawa's product choosing parts similar to those of the Tokyo Electric's, or a Tokyo Electric's product repaired or refurbished but Yamatoya/Morikawa.",
author = "隆史 松本 and 省三 岩永",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "30",
language = "Japanese",
volume = "21",
pages = "17--43",
journal = "技術と文明 : 日本産業技術史学会会誌 : journal of the Japan Society for the History of Industrial Technology",
issn = "0911-3525",
publisher = "日本産業技術史学会 ; 1985-",
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AU - 松本, 隆史

AU - 岩永, 省三

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N2 - In this paper, we report our research on a Japanese gas x-ray tube having a brand mark of the Kinshi-bird (a mysterious golden kite which appears in Nihonshoki: an early historiography of Japan), which is in a collection of the Kyushu University Museum. The research proposed to reveal the tube's origin, model and manufacturer.By the research, it has been clarified the process how gas x-ray tubes production had started in Japan around 1915. In addition, we have revealed that a demonstration and release of Dr. Hida's X-ray Tube manufactured by Yamatoya (a glass dealer owned by Mr. Sosuke Morikawa in Nihombashi Tokyo) were most likely the earliest, and the Giba X-ray Tubes by Tokyo Electric (a predecessor company of Toshiba) has been demonstrated and released a half year later. Dr. Shichiro Hida was a teacher in radiology at the Army Medical School. In 1913, he has ordered Yamatoya to develop Japanese tubes based on his advices from his research in Germany back in 1910. Dr. Hida's first two tubes were modeled after the German tubes: Müller Rapid and the Gundelach's. His tubes did not have brand or model names when Yamatoya and two other shops started distribution in April 1915, but later the Kinshi was branded in 1916 in the process of market competition with Tokyo Electric. Then, Yamatoya had also spun off its production sector of x-ray tubes to a company: Morikawa Seisakusyo. The tube in our collection has characteristics of Dr. Hida's Müller-type tube, but there still remains a question why the tube has metallic parts similar to the Giba X-ray Tube. Therefore, we have set up two hypothetical reasons; it is a Yamatoya/Morikawa's product choosing parts similar to those of the Tokyo Electric's, or a Tokyo Electric's product repaired or refurbished but Yamatoya/Morikawa.

AB - In this paper, we report our research on a Japanese gas x-ray tube having a brand mark of the Kinshi-bird (a mysterious golden kite which appears in Nihonshoki: an early historiography of Japan), which is in a collection of the Kyushu University Museum. The research proposed to reveal the tube's origin, model and manufacturer.By the research, it has been clarified the process how gas x-ray tubes production had started in Japan around 1915. In addition, we have revealed that a demonstration and release of Dr. Hida's X-ray Tube manufactured by Yamatoya (a glass dealer owned by Mr. Sosuke Morikawa in Nihombashi Tokyo) were most likely the earliest, and the Giba X-ray Tubes by Tokyo Electric (a predecessor company of Toshiba) has been demonstrated and released a half year later. Dr. Shichiro Hida was a teacher in radiology at the Army Medical School. In 1913, he has ordered Yamatoya to develop Japanese tubes based on his advices from his research in Germany back in 1910. Dr. Hida's first two tubes were modeled after the German tubes: Müller Rapid and the Gundelach's. His tubes did not have brand or model names when Yamatoya and two other shops started distribution in April 1915, but later the Kinshi was branded in 1916 in the process of market competition with Tokyo Electric. Then, Yamatoya had also spun off its production sector of x-ray tubes to a company: Morikawa Seisakusyo. The tube in our collection has characteristics of Dr. Hida's Müller-type tube, but there still remains a question why the tube has metallic parts similar to the Giba X-ray Tube. Therefore, we have set up two hypothetical reasons; it is a Yamatoya/Morikawa's product choosing parts similar to those of the Tokyo Electric's, or a Tokyo Electric's product repaired or refurbished but Yamatoya/Morikawa.

M3 - 記事

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JO - 技術と文明 : 日本産業技術史学会会誌 : journal of the Japan Society for the History of Industrial Technology

JF - 技術と文明 : 日本産業技術史学会会誌 : journal of the Japan Society for the History of Industrial Technology

SN - 0911-3525

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