L-myc polymorphism is a representative genetic trait related to an individual's susceptibility to several cancers. However, there have been no reports concerning the association between esophageal cancer and L-myc polymorphism. To analyze the distribution of polymorphism in Japanese patients with esophageal cancer, a molecular genotyping method using a polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used. Based on an analysis of 65 Japanese patients with esophageal cancer and 107 healthy control subjects, a significant difference was observed in either the distribution of genotypes (P = 0.012) or of allele frequencies between the two groups (P = 0.004). The relative risk of esophageal cancer for genotypes including the shorter allele was 2.9 compared to the longer allele homozygote. Furthermore, the patients with S-allele had a tendency for poor prognosis among those with three genotypes. A significant difference between the distribution of genotypes and the incidence of lymph node metastasis was found based on the clinicopathological features of the cancers. These results suggest that L-myc polymorphism may be implicated as a genetic trait affecting an individual's susceptibility to esophageal cancer, at least among Japanese patients.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research