Floating potential profile was measured around the X-point during high guide field reconnection in UTST merging experiment where the ratio of guide field (Bg) to reconnecting magnetic field (Brec) is Bg/Brec>10. Floating potential measurement revealed that a quadrupole structure of electric potential is formed around the X-point during the fast reconnection phase due to the polarization by inductive electric field. Also, our floating potential measurement revealed the existence of parallel electric field in the vicinity of the X-point. While field-aligned components of inductive electric field (E¥ind) and electrostatic electric field (E¥es) cancel out with each other away from the X-point, E¥ind exceeds E¥es around the X-point, indicating the deviation from ideal MHD criterion within the region. The diffusion region extends in the outflow region and the scale length of region is an order of ion skin depth, which is quite different from the VTF experiment result. Based on the measured magnetic field and electric field profile, our particle trajectory analysis indicates that fast electrons with energies over 300 eV are produced within 1 μs around the X-point in the non-ideal MHD region. These results indicate that production of fast electrons or electron heating are expected to be observed in the vicinity of the X-point.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics