Purpose: To evaluate the effects of intrathecal analgesics on cardiac function during labour analgesia using echocardiography in a parturient with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Clinical features: Induction of labour was planned in a 35-yr-old primiparous woman suffering from DCM. In order to stabilize hemodynamics in this patient, we induced continuous spinal analgesia with an infusion of fentanyl and epinephrine. Although her analgesia was well maintained for three hours during the first stage of labour, the patient complained of pain towards the second stage of labour. At this point, we administered bupivacaine intrathecally to alleviate her pain. Transthoracic echocardiography showed that the left ventricular end-diastolic and systolic dimensions, as well as the ejection fraction were not impaired by use of these analgesic medications. Conclusion: Measurement of left ventricular dimensions by echocardiography allowed us to monitor the patient's response to intrathecal analgesic medications. In this patient with DCM, analgesia with intrathecal fentanyl and bupivacaine was well tolerated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine