Large molecular assembly of amphotericin B formed in ergosterol-containing membrane evidenced by solid-state NMR of intramolecular bridged derivative

Nobuaki Matsumori, Yuri Sawada, Michio Murata

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amphotericin B (AmB 1) is known to assemble and form an ion channel across biomembranes. We have recently reported that conformation-restricted derivatives of AmB 2-4 show different ergosterol preferences in ion-channel assays, which suggested that the orientation of the mycosamine strongly affects the sterol selectivity of AmB. The data allowed us to assume that compound 3 showing the highest selectivity would reflect the active conformation of AmB in the channel assembly. In this study, to gain further insight into the active conformation of AmB, we prepared a new intramolecular-bridged derivative 5, where the linker encompassed a hydrophilic glycine moiety. The derivative has almost equivalent ion-channel activity to those of AmB and 3. The antifungal activity of 5 compared with 3 improves significantly, possibly because the increasing hydrophilicity in the linker enhances the penetrability through the fungal cell wall. Conformation of 5 was well converged and very similar to that of 3, thus further supporting the notion that the conformations of these derivatives reproduce the active structure of AmB in the channel complex. Then we used the derivative to probe the mobility of AmB in the membrane by solid-state NMR. To measure dipolar couplings and chemical shift anisotropies, we incorporated [1-13C,15N]glycine into the linker. The results indicate that 5 is mostly immobilized in ergosterol-containing DMPC bilayers, implying formation of large aggregates of 5. Meanwhile some fraction of 5 remains mobile in sterol-free DMPC bilayers, suggesting promotion of Amb aggregation by ergosterol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11977-11984
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume128
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 13 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ergosterol
Amphotericin B
Ion Channels
Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine
Conformations
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Sterols
Derivatives
Membranes
Glycine
Anisotropy
Amino acids
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Ions
Cell Wall
Hydrophilicity
Chemical shift
Assays
Agglomeration
Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Amphotericin B (AmB 1) is known to assemble and form an ion channel across biomembranes. We have recently reported that conformation-restricted derivatives of AmB 2-4 show different ergosterol preferences in ion-channel assays, which suggested that the orientation of the mycosamine strongly affects the sterol selectivity of AmB. The data allowed us to assume that compound 3 showing the highest selectivity would reflect the active conformation of AmB in the channel assembly. In this study, to gain further insight into the active conformation of AmB, we prepared a new intramolecular-bridged derivative 5, where the linker encompassed a hydrophilic glycine moiety. The derivative has almost equivalent ion-channel activity to those of AmB and 3. The antifungal activity of 5 compared with 3 improves significantly, possibly because the increasing hydrophilicity in the linker enhances the penetrability through the fungal cell wall. Conformation of 5 was well converged and very similar to that of 3, thus further supporting the notion that the conformations of these derivatives reproduce the active structure of AmB in the channel complex. Then we used the derivative to probe the mobility of AmB in the membrane by solid-state NMR. To measure dipolar couplings and chemical shift anisotropies, we incorporated [1-13C,15N]glycine into the linker. The results indicate that 5 is mostly immobilized in ergosterol-containing DMPC bilayers, implying formation of large aggregates of 5. Meanwhile some fraction of 5 remains mobile in sterol-free DMPC bilayers, suggesting promotion of Amb aggregation by ergosterol.",
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N2 - Amphotericin B (AmB 1) is known to assemble and form an ion channel across biomembranes. We have recently reported that conformation-restricted derivatives of AmB 2-4 show different ergosterol preferences in ion-channel assays, which suggested that the orientation of the mycosamine strongly affects the sterol selectivity of AmB. The data allowed us to assume that compound 3 showing the highest selectivity would reflect the active conformation of AmB in the channel assembly. In this study, to gain further insight into the active conformation of AmB, we prepared a new intramolecular-bridged derivative 5, where the linker encompassed a hydrophilic glycine moiety. The derivative has almost equivalent ion-channel activity to those of AmB and 3. The antifungal activity of 5 compared with 3 improves significantly, possibly because the increasing hydrophilicity in the linker enhances the penetrability through the fungal cell wall. Conformation of 5 was well converged and very similar to that of 3, thus further supporting the notion that the conformations of these derivatives reproduce the active structure of AmB in the channel complex. Then we used the derivative to probe the mobility of AmB in the membrane by solid-state NMR. To measure dipolar couplings and chemical shift anisotropies, we incorporated [1-13C,15N]glycine into the linker. The results indicate that 5 is mostly immobilized in ergosterol-containing DMPC bilayers, implying formation of large aggregates of 5. Meanwhile some fraction of 5 remains mobile in sterol-free DMPC bilayers, suggesting promotion of Amb aggregation by ergosterol.

AB - Amphotericin B (AmB 1) is known to assemble and form an ion channel across biomembranes. We have recently reported that conformation-restricted derivatives of AmB 2-4 show different ergosterol preferences in ion-channel assays, which suggested that the orientation of the mycosamine strongly affects the sterol selectivity of AmB. The data allowed us to assume that compound 3 showing the highest selectivity would reflect the active conformation of AmB in the channel assembly. In this study, to gain further insight into the active conformation of AmB, we prepared a new intramolecular-bridged derivative 5, where the linker encompassed a hydrophilic glycine moiety. The derivative has almost equivalent ion-channel activity to those of AmB and 3. The antifungal activity of 5 compared with 3 improves significantly, possibly because the increasing hydrophilicity in the linker enhances the penetrability through the fungal cell wall. Conformation of 5 was well converged and very similar to that of 3, thus further supporting the notion that the conformations of these derivatives reproduce the active structure of AmB in the channel complex. Then we used the derivative to probe the mobility of AmB in the membrane by solid-state NMR. To measure dipolar couplings and chemical shift anisotropies, we incorporated [1-13C,15N]glycine into the linker. The results indicate that 5 is mostly immobilized in ergosterol-containing DMPC bilayers, implying formation of large aggregates of 5. Meanwhile some fraction of 5 remains mobile in sterol-free DMPC bilayers, suggesting promotion of Amb aggregation by ergosterol.

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