Visual loss caused by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) will be prevented if treatment-requiring ROP (TR-ROP) can be predicted. In this retrospective study including 418 infants with ≤32 weeks of gestational age (GA) and/or ≤1500 grams of birthweight, we attempted to identify useful predictors. We also examined the efficiency of significant predictors compared with existing predictive models, ROPScore and CHOP model. Multivariable logistic regression analyses supported the following factors were useful for predicting TR-ROP from all infants and infants with any ROP: GA (odds ratio [OR], 0.47 and 0.48), history of late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) (OR, 2.76 and 2.44) and use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at 35 weeks of postmenstrual age (OR, 3.78 and 4.50). The comparison of areas under receiver operating characteristic curves indicated the combination of LCC, CPAP and ROPScore was better than ROPScore to predict TR-ROP from all infants and infants with any ROP (P = 0.007 and 0.02) and the combination of LCC, CPAP and CHOP model was also better than CHOP model to predict TR-ROP from all infants and infants with any ROP (P = 0.01 and 0.02). Our results suggested infants with a history of LCC and a long CPAP support have a high incidence of TR-ROP.
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