Background: Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE)-derived parameters may have better correlation with left ventricular (LV) relaxation and filling pressure than tissue Doppler-derived parameters. However, it has not been elucidated which parameter – strain or strain rate – and which direction of myocardial deformation – longitudinal or circumferential – is the most useful marker of LV relaxation and filling pressure. Methods and Results: We conducted a prospective multicenter study and compared the correlation of tissue Doppler- and STE-derived parameters with the time constant of LV pressure decay (τ) and LV mean diastolic pressure (MDP) in 77 patients. The correlation of early-diastolic mitral annular velocity (e´) with τ was weak (r=−0.32, P<0.01), and that of peak longitudinal strain (LS) was the strongest (r=−0.45, P<0.001) among the STE-derived parameters. There was a modest correlation between LVMDP and the ratio of early-diastolic inflow velocity (E) to e´ (E/e´) (r=0.50, P<0.001). In contrast, the ratio of E to LS (E/LS) correlated strongly with LVMDP (r=0.70, P<0.001). The correlation of E/LS with LVMDP was significantly better than that for E/e´ (P<0.01). Receiver-operating characteristic analysis showed that E/LS had the largest area under the curve for distinguishing elevated LVMDP (E/LS 0.86, E/e´ 0.74, E/A 0.67). Conclusions: STE-derived longitudinal parameters correlated well with LV relaxation and filling pressure. In particular, E/LS could be more accurate than E/e´ for estimating LV filling pressure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine