We describe a Case of a 74-year-old Japanese man with poorly differentiated carcinoma of the anterior mediastinum. The patient underwent anterior mediastinal tumor resection through median sternotomy. The tumor, 7.0 × 5.0 cm, had invaded surrounding tissues (pericardium, right lung, right and left brachiocephalic veins, and superior vena cava). Complete resection of the tumor was not performed. One month after the operation, the patient developed multiple pulmonary metastases, right pleural dissemination, and carcinomatous pleurisy. He was treated with lenvatinib, a novel multi-kinase inhibitor, to which the metastasis responded favorably. This case reports for the first time the clinical usefulness of lenvatinib for poorly differentiated carcinoma of the anterior mediastinum. Management of side effects by several methods, including suspending use of medication on weekends (called a weekends-off strategy), is another strong argument to continue lenvatinib administration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine