Light extraction from surface plasmons and waveguide modes in an organic light-emitting layer by nanoimprinted gratings

Jörg Frischeisen, Quan Niu, Alaa Abdellah, Jörg B. Kinzel, Robert Gehlhaar, Giuseppe Scarpa, Chihaya Adachi, Paolo Lugli, Wolfgang Brütting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) usually exhibit a low light outcoupling efficiency because a large fraction of power is lost to surface plasmons (SPs) and waveguide modes. In this paper it is demonstrated that periodic grating structures with almost ¼m-scale can be used to extract SPs as well as waveguide modes and therefore enhance the outcoupling efficiency in light-emitting thin film structures. The gratings are fabricated by nanoimprint lithography using a commercially available diffraction grating as a mold which is pressed into a polymer resist. The outcoupling of SPs and waveguide modes is detected in fluorescent organic films adjacent to a thin metal layer in angular dependent photoluminescence measurements. Scattering up to 5th-order is observed and the extracted modes are identified by comparison to the SP and waveguide dispersion obtained from optical simulations. In order to demonstrate the low-cost, high quality and large area applicability of grating structures in optoelectronic devices, we also present SP extraction using a grating structure fabricated by a common DVD stamp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A7-A19
JournalOptics Express
Volume19
Issue number101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 3 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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