Limitation of muscle deoxygenation in the triceps during incremental arm cranking in women

Satoshi Muraki, N. Tsunawake, M. Yamasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The present study investigated the difference in oxygen kinetics in the exercising muscle between arm cranking and leg cycling in women. Twenty-seven females completed incremental arm cranking and leg cycling tests on separate days. During each exercise, spatially resolved near-infrared spectroscopy was used to measure changes in the tissue oxygen saturation (SO2), oxygenated (oxy-) hemoglobin and/or myoglobin (Hb/Mb), deoxygenated (deoxy-) Hb/Mb, and total Hb/Mb in the triceps during arm cranking and in the vastus lateralis during leg cycling. During arm cranking, there was a rapid increase in the respiratory exchange ratio and a lower ventilatory threshold compared to leg cycling, which confirmed accelerated anaerobic glycolysis in this mode of exercise. During leg cycling, SO2 remained decreased near to or until approaching peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). During arm cranking, however, the decrease in oxy-Hb/Mb and increase in deoxy-Hb/Mb stopped at the middle of VO2peak (mean 51.4%), consequently resulting in a leveling off in the SO2 decrease, although total Hb/Mb continued to increase. These results might suggest that the oxygen demand in the triceps attained the maximum at that intensity, despite an adequate oxygen supply during arm cranking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology (medical)


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