BACKGROUND/AIM: Long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) methylation status is a marker for global DNA methylation. However, the relationship between LINE-1 methylation and the biology of lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear. Here, we aimed to examine the role of LINE-1 in lung cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: LINE-1 methylation levels were quantified by bisulfite pyrosequencing of resected tumor specimens from 162 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. The relationships of LINE-1 methylation with clinicopathological factors, gene mutations, and Ki-67 immunoreactivity were investigated.
RESULTS: LINE-1 hypomethylation was associated with tumor invasion and advanced stage. TP53 mutations were more frequently detected in the LINE-1 hypomethylation group than in the hypermethylation group. LINE-1 hypomethylation was associated with poor recurrence-free survival, high maximum standardized uptake value in positron-emission tomography, and high Ki-67 expression in tumors.
CONCLUSION: LINE-1 hypomethylation was associated with high-grade malignancy and poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma, but was not related to driver mutations.