The linear stability of rapid granular flow down a slope under gravity to the longitudinal perturbations is analysed using hydrodynamic equations. It is demonstrated that the steady flow uniform along the flow direction becomes unstable to long-wavelength perturbations longitudinal to the flow direction for certain parameter ranges to form a density wave, in contrast to the finite-wavelength instability for transverse perturbations (Forterre and Pouliquen 2002). It is shown that the instability can be understood as the long-wave instability of kinematic waves in a quasi-one-dimensional system. The results are compared with our previous molecular dynamics simulations (Mitarai and Nakanishi 2001), where spontaneous density wave formation was found.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering