The structure of a Si(001) surface with monatomic steps is investigated by means of scanning tunneling microscopy at 95 K and Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) at various temperatures. In particular, we pay attention to the effect of kinks at the step edge on the formation of c(4 × 2) domains, and both studies reveal that the kinks do not govern the growth of the domains. MCS demonstrates that the nucleation of c(4 × 2) domains takes place at central regions of the terrace as a result of thermal fluctuation, and that the domains propagate to the step edge with decreasing temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)