A solubilized liver-specific extracellular matrix (L-ECM) substratum was obtained by decellularization of porcine liver using Triton X-100 and pepsin treatments. The L-ECM was able to immobilize hepatocyte growth factor at a high efficiency of 87%. L-ECM gelled spontaneously in a physiologically neutral environment. Primary hepatocytes embedded in the L-ECM gel showed a high albumin synthesis activity and ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity even at 3 weeks in culture. In addition, the L-ECM gel-embedded hepatocytes implanted subcutaneously into partial hepatectomized rats showed a high survival rate (18%) and formed a large liver tissue-like structure. Their efficiencies of EROD activity and large liver tissue-like structure formation were about twice those of collagen gel-embedded hepatocytes. Based on these results, we clarified the effectiveness of L-ECM gel as a substrate for hepatocyte culture and transplantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology