Background/Aims: Hepatic failure associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the main indications for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methodology: Twenty-nine LDLTs, including liver cirrhosis due to HBV (LC-B) (n=17) and fulminant hepatitis B (FH-B) (n=12) were reviewed. Prophylaxis for reinfection was performed with a combination of lamivudine, or hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) or adefovir, depending on the viral status. The changes in serological markers, recurrence and survival rate were examined. Results: There were 3 patients with re-emergencies of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg): suspension of HBIG for giving vaccination for HBV (n=1), HBsAg positive donor (n=1) and non-compliance for HBIG (n=1). All patients with YMDD mutants (n=9), except the case with HBsAg positive donor (n=1), were successfully protected by the triple therapy of lamivudine, adefovir and HBIG. No graft loss was due to the recurrence of HBV. Conclusion: The basic strategy using a combination of HBIG and antiviral agents gave acceptable long-term outcomes for LDLT for HBV associated liver diseases. The close monitoring of HBV viral status after transplantation is still crucial in managing these patients.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2008|
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