It has been reported that not only selective alveolar-bone resorption, but also receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) expression is induced on the compressed side of an orthodontically moving tooth. Numerous reports have described the pharmacological acceleration of tooth movement (TM) through the activation of osteoclasts. However, because of rapid flush out by blood circulation, daily systemic administration or daily local injection is needed. Previously, we discovered that every-3-days OPG gene transfer to the periodontal-tissue inhibited RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis and diminished experimental TM. Therefore, we hypothesized that local RANKL gene transfer into the periodontal tissue would accelerate TM. The upper first molars of 6-week-old male Wistar rats were moved palatally using fixed orthodontic wires. The inactivated hemagglutinating-virus of Japan (HVJ) envelope vector containing the mouse RANKL expression plasmid was injected periodically into the palatal periodontal tissue of the upper first molars during TM. Local RANKL gene transfer significantly enhanced RANKL expression and osteoclastogenesis in periodontal tissue without any systemic effects. The TM rate was significantly increased in the RANKL gene transfer side. In conclusion, we demonstrated that transfer of the RANKL gene to the periodontal-tissue activated osteoclastogenesis and accelerated the amount of experimental TM. Local RANKL gene transfer might be a useful tool not only for shortening orthodontic treatment, but also for moving ankylosed teeth where teeth, fuse to the surrounding bone.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology