We have previously identified a novel 130 kDa protein (p130) which binds Ins(1,4,5)P3 and shares 38% sequence identity with phospholipase C-δ1 [Kanematsu, Misumi, Watanabe, Ozaki, Koga, Iwanaga, Ikehara and Hirata (1996) Biochem. J. 313, 319-325]. We have now transfected COS-1 cells with genes encoding the entire length of the molecule or one of several truncated mutants, in order to locate the region for binding of Ins(1,4,5)P3. Deletion of N-terminal residues 116-232, the region which corresponds to the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of the molecule, completely abolished binding activity. This result was confirmed when the PH domain itself (residues 95-232), isolated from a bacterial expression system, was found to bind [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3. We also found that Ins(1,4,5,6)P4 was as efficacious as Ins(1,4,5)P3 in displacing [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3, suggesting that these two polyphosphates bind to p130 with similar affinity. This conclusion was confirmed by direct binding studies using [3H]Ins(1,4,5,6)P4 with high specific radioactivity which we prepared ourselves. Binding specificity was also examined with a variety of inositol phosphate derivatives. As is the case with other PH domains characterized to date, we found that the 4,5-vicinal phosphate pair was an essential determinant of ligand specificity. However, the PH domain of p130 exhibited some novel features. For example, the 3- and/or 6-phosphates could also contribute to overall binding; this contrasts with some other PH domains where these phosphate groups decrease ligand affinity by imposing a steric constraint. Secondly, a free monoester 1-phosphate substantially increased binding affinity, which is a situation so far unique to the PH domain of p130.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology