Long-range magnetic order in the Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnets G d2 G e2 O7 and G d2 P t2 O7 synthesized under high pressure

X. Li, Y. Q. Cai, Q. Cui, C. J. Lin, Z. L. Dun, K. Matsubayashi, Y. Uwatoko, Y. Sato, T. Kawae, S. J. Lv, C. Q. Jin, J. S. Zhou, J. B. Goodenough, H. D. Zhou, J. G. Cheng

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gd2Sn2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 have been regarded as good experimental realizations of the classical Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet with dipolar interaction. The former was found to adopt the Palmer-Chalker state via a single, first-order transition at TN≈1K, while the latter enters a distinct, partially ordered state through two successive transitions at TN1≈1K and TN2=0.75K. To shed more light on their distinct magnetic ground states, we have synthesized two more gadolinium-based pyrochlore oxides, Gd2Ge2O7 and Gd2Pt2O7, under high-pressure conditions and performed detailed characterizations via x-ray powder diffraction, dc and ac magnetic susceptibility, and specific heat measurements down to 100 mK. We found that both compounds enter a long-range antiferromagnetically ordered state through a single, first-order transition at TN=1.4K for Gd2Ge2O7 and TN=1.56K for Gd2Pt2O7, with the specific heat anomaly similar to that of Gd2Sn2O7 rather than Gd2Ti2O7. Interestingly, the low-temperature magnetic specific heat values of both Gd2Ge2O7 and Gd2Pt2O7 were found to follow nicely the T3 dependence as expected for a three-dimensional antiferromagnet with gapless spin-wave excitations. We have rationalized the enhancement of TN in terms of the reduced Gd-Gd distances for the chemically pressurized Gd2Ge2O7 and the addition of extra superexchange pathways through the empty Pt-eg orbitals for Gd2Pt2O7. Our current study has expanded the family of gadolinium-based pyrochlores and permits us to achieve a better understanding of their distinct magnetic properties in a more comprehensive perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214429
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume94
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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