Long-term evaluation of bone-titanium interface in rat tibiae using light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and image processing

Fumitaka Takeshita, Yasunori Ayukawa, Shinji Iyama, Kenji Murai, Tsuneo Suetsugu

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted a 2-year histologic and histometric evaluation of the tibial bone-titanium (Ti) implant interface in male rats. Thirty male 6- week-old rats were used in this study. They were divided into two groups: 15 for day 28 and 15 for day 730. Microscopic observation at day 28 revealed that the newly formed bone around the implant almost surrounded the implant, but fibroblastlike cells were interposed in some histologic sections. At day 730, in contrast, such cells were rarely seen, and the bone around the implant presented a lamellar structure. Transmission electron microscopic observation at day 28 disclosed mature or poorly mineralized bone near the implant; however, an electron-dense amorphous zone about 50 nm in thickness was interposed between the bone and Ti. In places slender cells were interposed between the bone and Ti. The amorphous zone was also observed at the cell-Ti interface. At day 730, a poorly mineralized layer remained in some areas between the mature bone and the titanium, and the interposed amorphous zone was still observed. Occasionally, a 200-nm-thick layer, thought to be cell remnant, was seen. As calculated in an image-processing system analysis, the percent bone contact and the thickness and area of the surroundIng bone for the Ti implant at day 28 were 43.6%, 30.4 μm, and 0.10 mm2, respectively, and those at day 730 were 89.9%, 53.5 μm, and 0.19 mm2, respectively. In summary, although the passage of time may affect bone maturity, interfacial cells remain at the bone-Ti interface as a uniform layer together with unmineralized bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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