Long-term light and moderate exercise intervention similarly prevent both hippocampal and glycemic dysfunction in presymptomatic type 2 diabetic rats

Subrina Jesmin, Takeru Shima, Mariko Soya, Kanako Takahashi, Koki Omura, Kasane Ogura, Hikaru Koizumi, Hideaki Soya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A prediabetic population has an increased risk of cognitive decline and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study investigated whether the progression of memory dysfunction and dysregulated brain glycogen metabolism is prevented with 4 mo of exercise intervention from the presymptomatic stage in a T2DM rat model. Memory function and biochemical and molecular profiles were assessed in the presymptomatic stage of Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats, a T2DM model, with Long- Evans Tokushima (LETO) rats as genetic control. These rats were subjected to light- or moderate-intensity treadmill running for 4 mo with repetition of the same experiments. Significant hippocampal-dependent memory dysfunction was observed in the presymptomatic stage of OLETF rats, accompanied by downregulated levels of hippocampal monocarboxylate transporter 2 (MCT2), a neuronal lactate-transporter, without alteration in hippocampal glycogen levels. Four months of light or moderate exercise from the presymptomatic stage of T2DM normalized glycemic parameters and hippocampal molecular normalization through MCT2, glycogen, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels with the improvement of memory dysfunction in OLETF rats. A 4-mo exercise regimen from the presymptomatic stage of T2DM at a light and moderate intensities contributed to the prevention of the development of T2DM and the progression of cognitive decline with hippocampal lactate-transport and BDNF improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E219-E230
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume322
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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