Long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in 78 Japanese patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms: A single-center retrospective study

Lingaku Lee, Hisato Igarashi, Nao Fujimori, Masayuki Hijioka, Ken Kawabe, Yoshinao Oda, Robert T. Jensen, Tetsuhide Ito

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Despite an increase in the number of Japanese patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms, long-term outcomes and prognostic factors, especially for those with advanced disease, remain unclear. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 78 patients with unresectable pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms treated at our hospital from January 1987 to March 2015. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier methods. Prognostic significance of several clinicopathological factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses using a Cox regression model. Results: Median overall survivals of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (n = 64) and pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (n = 14) were 83.7 and 9.1 months, respectively (hazard ratio: 0.02, 95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.08, P < 0.001). Although no significant differences were observed using a Ki-67 cut-off value of 2% (hazard ratio: 0.46, 95% confidence interval: 0.16-1.13, P = 0.0989), a Ki-67 cut-off of 10% was a significant predictor in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (hazard ratio: 9.95, 95% confidence interval, 3.01-32.97, P < 0.001). Treatment after the advent of targeted therapy (hazard ratio: 0.07, 95% confidence interval: 0.03-0.19, P < 0.001) and the presence of bone metastases (hazard ratio: 4.38, 95% confidence interval: 1.42-11.29, P = 0.013) were significant prognostic factors in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor evaluated by univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis also revealed that a Ki-67 index =10% (hazard ratio: 38.8, 95% confidence interval: 8.42-226.62, P < 0.001), approval of targeted therapy (hazard ratio: 0.02, 95% confidence interval: 0.00-0.11, P < 0.001) and bone metastases (hazard ratio: 5.56, 95% confidence interval: 1.10-24.00, P = 0.039) were independent prognostic factors. Conclusions: We elucidated the long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in Japanese patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1131-1138
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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