Background Although risk factors for the long-term mortality of liver transplantation are well described, there is a lack of detailed study regarding these factors for adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methods We retrospectively analyzed 528 adult LDLT recipients in our hospital. The risk factors were analyzed for overall deaths more than 5 years post-LDLT. Results Over the 20-year follow-up, 137 patients died. Patient survival at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years post-LDLT was 87.8%, 81.8%, 79.4%, and 72.8%, respectively. The independent risk factors for more than 5 years post-LDLT overall death were hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 38.9; P < 0.001), lymphoid de novo malignancy (HR, 47.2; P = 0.001), primary sclerosing cholangitis as primary diagnosis (HR, 11.5; P < 0.001), chronic rejection (HR, 6.93; P = 0.006), acute rejection (HR, 2.96; P = 0.017), and bile duct stenosis (HR, 2.30; P = 0.045). Conclusions Not only malignancies and rejection but also bile duct stenosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis had significant impacts on late period post-LDLT mortality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes