Purpose: Indocyanine green (ICG), an adjuvant used for peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) during vitreous surgery for idiopathic macular hole (MH), has been reported to be toxic, possibly affecting postoperative visual acuity. We compared the long-term outcomes (within 2 years) of brilliant blue G (BBG), ICG, and triamcinolone acetonide (TA).
Patients and methods: This study involved 97 eyes of 94 patients who underwent vitreous surgery for MH at the Yamagata University Hospital between June 2002 and November 2010. The surgical adjuvants used were BBG for 15 eyes, ICG for 61 eyes, and TA for 21 eyes. We compared the postoperative visual acuities, initial closure rates, final closure rates, and complications of the 3 groups.
Results: In all 3 groups, the visual acuity significantly improved after surgery. The magnitude of the improvement at 2 years after surgery was significantly better in the BBG group than in the ICG group (Mann–Whitney test, P = 0.020). The postoperative visual acuity did not significantly differ between the BBG and TA groups (P = 0.627) or between the ICG and TA groups (P =0 .137). Thus, the surgery using BBG resulted in a significantly better outcome in visual acuity than did the surgery using ICG. The 3 groups did not differ in initial or final closure rates or in incidence of complications.
Conclusion: Analysis of the long-term outcomes of vitreous surgeries provided evidence that BBG is a useful adjuvant for ILM peeling.
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