Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) of an unknown etiology frequently demonstrates repeated active and inactive stages. As a result, it is difficult to sustain long-term remission under conservative therapy. Methods: Ten patients who presented suffering from UC involving the entire colon were treated. All patients had been previously treated at other hospitals usually with sulphasalazine and either corticosteroids or steroid enemas for the primary complaints of muco-bloody stool or frequent diarrhea. All patients underwent either an appendicostomy or cecostomy, and were injected with dexamethasone via an artificial fistula twice a day. Results: This treatment led to remission, and, as a result, the symptoms of anal bleeding or muco-bloody stools disappeared in all patients. Radiological, endoscopic, and pathological studies revealed a dramatic response to steroid injection from the fistula. The mean follow-up period was 44.7 months (3-122 months). Eight patients remained free from any symptoms of UC. One underwent a proctocolectomy because of side effects due to steroid treatment. The other patient died suddenly of unknown causes. The mean symptom-free period after cecal injection was 39.5 months (1-119 months). The mean proportion of disease free period from UC, compared with the total follow-up period after surgery, was 88%. After remission, eight patients were able to return to a normal lifestyle at home using a peritoneal button. They could also take a bath and continue their school or social lives in almost the same way as healthy persons. Conclusions: We thus recommend this new, minimally-invasive therapy for patients with UC involving the entire colon who demonstrate resistance to conventional conservative therapy. As a result of such treatment, all patients were able to achieve a comfortable lifestyle after undergoing minimally-invasive surgery.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 1998|
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