A short-segment intestinal graft is favorable to reduce the rate of rejection and the incidence of graft-versus-host disease in recipients of small intestine transplantation. To determine whether a jejunal or an ileal graft is preferable with respect to intestinal morphology and function, syngeneic two-step small intestinal transplantations were performed using male Lewis rats (RT11). They were divided into two groups according to the small intestine donor site (group 1 received 10 cm of jejunum; group 2 received 10 cm of ileum). There was no significant difference in the survival rate or weight gain between the two groups. Nearly all the hematologic findings, serum nutritional parameters, and results of liver function teats were normal for both groups. The only difference was that the serum total bile acid level was significantly higher in group 2. Fifty weeks after transplantation, the graft mucosa showed normal architecture, with adaptive hyperplasia of villi and crypt noted through histological study. The villus height of group 1 was 595 ± 64 μm (control, 452 ± 67 μm); that of group 2 was 732 ± 53 μm (control, 217 ± 20 μm). The crypt depth of group 1 was 228 ± 35 μm (control, 165 ± 24 μm); that of group 2 was 320 ± 19 μm (control, 102 ± 19 μm). These compensatory changes were more pronounced in group 2. The authors conclude that, on the basis of long-term functional capacity, there was no significant difference between jejunal and ileal grafts, and that both segments were suitable for transplantation. However, the ileal graft was considered to be better with respect to morphological adaptation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health