Long-term survivors in stage IV non-small cell lung cancer

Tatsuro Okamoto, Riichiroh Maruyama, Fumihiro Shoji, Hiroshi Asoh, Jiro Ikeda, Tetsuya Miyamoto, Tomomi Nakamura, Tetsuro Miyake, Yukito Ichinose

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: To determine the prognostic factors for long-term survivors (LTS) with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had undergone various treatments. Patients and methods: From 1990 to 1999, 222 NSCLC patients with stage IV disease, who had been treated in our department, were reviewed. As the initial treatment, 135 patients (48%) were treated with chemotherapy alone, 52 patients with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, 19 patients underwent an operation with or without any other therapeutic modalities and 16 were received radiotherapy alone. Results: Seventeen (7.7%) patients survived for more than 2 years, and all but one had adenocarcinoma. Among these LTS, eight patients received surgery as the initial therapy, and 16 (94.1%) received some type of local-control therapy, including surgery or radiotherapy, during the course of their disease. Regarding the clinical characteristics between LTS and others (non-LTS), an early N status, a single metastatic site, a good performance status, and surgery for initial therapy were all found to be significantly important factors for LTS. A multivariate analysis using a logistic regression model also showed an early N status and surgical treatment to be significantly associated with LTS. Conclusions: Selected patients with an early N status may be appropriate candidates for aggressive multimodality treatment including surgery, in order to provide a long-term survival for stage IV NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalLung Cancer
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Okamoto, T., Maruyama, R., Shoji, F., Asoh, H., Ikeda, J., Miyamoto, T., ... Ichinose, Y. (2005). Long-term survivors in stage IV non-small cell lung cancer. Lung Cancer, 47(1), 85-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2004.06.006