Schizosaccharomyces pombe has four α-amylase homologs (Aah1p-Aah4p) with a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) modification site at the C-terminal end. Disruption mutants of aah genes were tested for mislocalization of vacuolar carboxypeptidase Y (CPY), and aah3Δ was found to secrete CPY. The conversion rate from pro- to mature CPY was greatly impaired in aah3Δ, and fluorescence microscopy inidicated that a sorting receptor for CPY, Vps10p, mislocalized to the vacuolar membrane. These results indicate that aah3Δ had a defect in the retrograde transport of Vps10p, and that Aah3p is the first S. pombe specific protein required for vacuolar protein sorting.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry