Low Ni-containing anodes using titanate-based perovskites for methane direct internal reforming power generation

R. Kikuchi, D. Minori, A. Takagaki, T. Sugawara, S. T. Oyama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this study titanate-based perovskite anodes containing Ni such as Ni-LaxSr1-xTiO3 (LST) have been investigated for direct internal reforming solid oxide fuel cells, which directly utilize hydrocarbons as fuels in the anode. Catalytic activity tests of Ni-titanate cermets were carried out in methane steam reforming, and Ni-LST exhibited comparable activity to Ni-YSZ (yttria-stabilized zirconia). Moderate power generation performance was observed over Ni-LST prepared by the impregnation method when the Ni content was decreased to 10 wt%, whereas almost no current was attained over Ni-YSZ for the decrease in the Ni content. The 10 wt%Ni-LST anode prepared by the impregnation method exhibited stable power generation characteristics in severe direct internal reforming operation at steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.1 at 1000°C under a constant current load of 200 mA cm-2.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSolid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015
EditorsK. Eguchi, S. C. Singhal
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages1489-1498
Number of pages10
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 26 2015Jul 31 2015

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number1
Volume68
ISSN (Print)1938-5862
ISSN (Electronic)1938-6737

Other

Other14th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2015; held as part of the Electrochemical Society, ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period7/26/157/31/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Kikuchi, R., Minori, D., Takagaki, A., Sugawara, T., & Oyama, S. T. (2015). Low Ni-containing anodes using titanate-based perovskites for methane direct internal reforming power generation. In K. Eguchi, & S. C. Singhal (Eds.), Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 14, SOFC 2015 (1 ed., pp. 1489-1498). (ECS Transactions; Vol. 68, No. 1). Electrochemical Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1149/06801.1489ecst