Low pressure sulfurization and characterization of multilayer MoS2 for potential applications in supercapacitors

Sampad Ghosh, Sajeevi S. Withanage, Bhim Chamlagain, Saiful I. Khondaker, Sivasankaran Harish, Bidyut Baran Saha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The emergence of two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has prompted enormous research attention as supercapacitor electrode materials due to their exciting electrochemical, electrical and mechanical properties. In this work, we present a low-pressure technique to grow multilayer MoS2 by sulfurization of molybdenum thin films at three different temperatures (700, 750 and 800 °C) to study the effect of growth temperatures on surface morphology, film thickness and film quality. Large area growth of MoS2 throughout the Si/SiO2 substrate was achieved at all the sulfurization temperature. The as-prepared MoS2 films were characterized by several techniques including X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Although MoS2 is successfully grown at different temperatures, the surface morphology, thickness and crystallite size have varied significantly with temperature. Our results presented here will contribute towards the reproducible growth of large area MoS2 at the desired temperature for energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117918
JournalEnergy
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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