Low-temperature growth of idiomorphic cubic-phase Li7La3Zr2O12 crystals using LiOH flux

Takeshi Kimijima, Nobuyuki Zettsu, Hitoshi Onodera, Kunio Yubuta, Shuji Oishi, Katsuya Teshima

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Micrometer-sized Li7La3Zr2O12 crystals with well-developed facets were grown from a LiOH flux at 700 °C. Supersaturation-controlled crystallization driven by the cooling of a homogeneous hot solution with a Li/Zr ratio of 70 achieved one-step formation of cubic-phase Li7La3Zr2O12 that potentially exhibits high lithium-ion conductivity. Excess LiOH flux decreased the reaction temperature dramatically to 700 °C, lower than that of solid-state-reaction processes. The flux growth of the Li7La3Zr2O12 crystals in response to varying reaction conditions was studied systematically and indicated that the initial Li/Zr ratio and the holding temperature significantly affected the crystal phase, shape, and size. We further demonstrated Li7La3Zr2O12 crystal growth at 500 °C, beginning with La2Zr2O7 powders that dissolve readily in hot LiOH. This will be examined in greater depth in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3487-3492
Number of pages6
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume17
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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