Low-temperature (<200 oC) solid-phase crystallization of high substitutional Sn concentration (∼ 10%) GeSn on insulator enhanced by weak laser irradiation

Kenta Moto, Takayuki Sugino, Ryo Matsumura, Hiroshi Ikenoue, Masanobu Miyao, Taizoh Sadoh

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Low temperature (<200 oC) crystallization of GeSn (substitutional Sn concentration: >8%) on insulating substrates is essential to realize next generation flexible electronics. To achieve this, a growth method of high quality GeSn films on insulating substrates by combination of laser irradiation and subsequent thermal annealing is developed. Here, the laser fluence is chosen as weak, which is below the critical fluence for crystallization of GeSn. It is clarified that for samples irradiated with weak laser fluence, complete crystallization of GeSn films is achieved by subsequent thermal annealing at ∼170 oC without incubation time. In addition, the quality of GeSn films obtained by this method is higher compared with conventional growth techniques such as melting growth by pulsed laser annealing or solid-phase crystallization (SPC) without pre-laser irradiation. Substitutional Sn concentrations in the grown layers estimated by Raman spectroscopy measurements are 8-10%, which far exceed thermal equilibrium solid-solubility of Sn in Ge (∼2%). These phenomena are explained by generation of a limited number of nuclei by weak laser irradiation and lateral SPC by subsequent thermal annealing. This method will facilitate realization of next-generation high performance devices on flexible insulating substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075204
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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