Surface modification of titanium and its alloys to induce apatite deposition within a short period is of practical importance in clinical applications. In this study, titanium substrates were treated with hydrogen peroxide solutions at low temperatures to yield titania layers consisting of anatase and rutile. Those titania layers, regardless of the fraction of anatase and rutile, were bioactive to induce deposition of apatite in Kokubo's simulated body fluid within 24 h. The bioactivity was attributed to both the epitaxial effect and the abundant Ti-OH group of the titania layer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Materials Chemistry