Low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells

Eric Wachsman, Tatsumi Ishihara, John Kilner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are unique in their ability to directly convert the chemical energy of a wide variety of fuels to electric power with unmatched energy conversion efficiency. The articles in this issue of MRS Bulletin highlight the enormous potential of, and recent progress toward, operating SOFCs at lower temperatures (<650°C). Lower temperatures dramatically increase the number of potential applications for this technology as well as provide the opportunity to incorporate a wider variety of materials in SOFC power generation systems with greater reliability and lower cost. The articles in this issue describe materials development and processing for low-temperature SOFCs, including the enabling of nanotechnology and microelectromechanical systems-based cell designs, the development of highly active electrodes and their three-dimensional microstructural characterization, as well as the use of novel proton-conducting electrolytes, all of which provide new avenues of research. New fabrication methods are also being applied in the development of micro-SOFCs and microtubular SOFCs with higher power densities. Finally, advances in lowering performance degradation rates, a critical commercialization issue, are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-779
Number of pages7
JournalMRS Bulletin
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Temperature
chemical energy
commercialization
energy conversion efficiency
nanotechnology
electric power
Nanotechnology
Energy conversion
Electrolytes
Conversion efficiency
microelectromechanical systems
MEMS
Power generation
Protons
radiant flux density
electrolytes
degradation
costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells. / Wachsman, Eric; Ishihara, Tatsumi; Kilner, John.

In: MRS Bulletin, Vol. 39, No. 9, 01.01.2014, p. 773-779.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wachsman, Eric ; Ishihara, Tatsumi ; Kilner, John. / Low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells. In: MRS Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 9. pp. 773-779.
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