Low Thermal Conductivity of RE-Doped SrO(SrTiO3)1 Ruddlesden Popper Phase Bulk Materials Prepared by Molten Salt Method

Yulia Eka Putri, Suhana Mohd Said, Refinel Refinel, Michitaka Ohtaki, Syukri Syukri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The SrO(SrTiO3)1 (Sr2TiO4) Ruddlesden Popper (RP) phase is a natural superlattice comprising of alternately stacking perovskite-type SrTiO3 layers and rock salt SrO layers along the crystallographic c direction. This paper discusses the properties of the Sr2TiO4 and (La, Sm)-doped Sr2TiO4 RP phase synthesized via molten salt method, within the context of thermoelectric applications. A good thermoelectric material requires high electrical conductivity, high Seebeck coefficient and low thermal conductivity. All three conditions have the potential to be fulfilled by the Sr2TiO4 RP phase, in particular, the superlattice structure allows a higher degree of phonon scattering hence resulting in lowered thermal conductivity. In this work, the Sr2TiO4 RP phase is doped with Sm and La respectively, which allows injection of charge carriers, modification of its electronic structure for improvement of the Seebeck coefficient, and most significantly, reduction of thermal conductivity. The particles with submicron size allows excessive phonon scattering along the boundaries, thus reduces the thermal conductivity by fourfold. In particular, the Sm-doped sample exhibited even lower lattice thermal conductivity, which is believed to be due to the mismatch in the ionic radius of Sr and Sm. This finding is useful as a strategy to reduce thermal conductivity of Sr2TiO4 RP phase materials as thermoelectric candidates, by employing dopants of differing ionic radius.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-562
Number of pages7
JournalElectronic Materials Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Low Thermal Conductivity of RE-Doped SrO(SrTiO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>1</sub> Ruddlesden Popper Phase Bulk Materials Prepared by Molten Salt Method'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this