Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of simultaneous T2 mapping and neurography with nerve-sheath signal increased with inked rest-tissue rapid acquisition of relaxation enhancement imaging (SHINKEI) in the lumbar plexus to distinguish patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) from healthy controls. Methods: Our institutional review boards approved this retrospective study, and written informed consent was waived. 10 patients with CIDP from 2015 to 2017 were studied along with 5 healthy controls on a 3 T scanner. The T2 relaxation time and the size of the dorsal root ganglia and nerves of the lumbar plexus at L3-S1 were measured. Statistical analyses were performed with the Mann-Whitney U test and a receiver operating characteristics analysis. Results: The T2 relaxation times of the dorsal root ganglia and the nerves of the lumbar plexus were longer in the CIDP patients (133.34 ± 41.36 and 130.40 ± 47.78 ms) compared to the healthy controls (114.69 ± 24.90 and 83.72 ± 17.51 ms, p = 0.0265 andp < 0.0001, respectively). The sizes of the nerves were larger in the CIDP patients (6.19 ± 2.28 mm) compared to the controls (4.54 ± 0.86 mm, p < 0.0001). However, there was no significant difference between the sizes of the ganglia in the CIDP patients and the controls. The receiver operating characteristics analysis revealed that the T2 relaxation time of the nerves was best at distinguishing the CIDP patients from the controls (Az = 0.848). Conclusion: Patients with CIDP could be distinguished from healthy controls using simultaneous T2 mapping and neurography with SHINKEI in the lumbar plexus. Advances in knowledge: Patients with CIDP could be distinguished from healthy controls using simultaneous T2 mapping and neurography with SHINKEI in the lumbar plexus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging