Luteolin, a flavone, does not suppress postprandial glucose absorption through an inhibition of α-glucosidase action

Toshiro Matsui, Mio Kobayashi, Sachiko Hayashida, Kiyoshi Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to clarify the postprandial glucose suppression via α-glucosidase (AGH) inhibitory action by natural compounds, flavonoids were examined in this study. Among the flavonoids (luteolin, kaempferol, chrysin, and galangin), luteolin showed the potent maltase inhibitory activity with the IC50 of 2.3 mM, while less inhibitions were observed against sucrase. In addition, the effects of maltase inhibition by flavonoids were observed in the descending order of potency of luteolin>kaempferol>chrysin>galangin. Apparently, the AGH inhibition power greatly increased with the replacement of hydroxyl groups at 3′ and 4′-position of the B-ring. However, the inhibitory power of luteolin was poorer than a therapeutic drug (acarbose: IC50; 430 nM). As a result of a single oral administration of maltose or sucrose (2 g/kg) in SD rats, no significant change in blood glucose level with the doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg of luteolin was observed. These findings strongly suggested that luteolin given at less than 200 mg/kg did not possess the ability to suppress the glucose production from carbohydrates through the inhibition of AGH action in the gut.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-692
Number of pages4
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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