Hundreds of lymph nodes (LNs) are scattered throughout the body. Although each LN is small, it represents a complete immune organ that contains almost all types of immunocompetent and stromal cells functioning as scaffolds. In this review, we highlight the importance of LNs in cancer immunotherapy. First, we review recent reports on structural and functional properties of LNs as sites for antitumor immunity and discuss their therapeutic utility in tumor immunotherapy. Second, we discuss the rationale and background of ultrasound (US)-guided intranodal injection methods. In addition, we review intranodal administration therapy of tumor-specific-antigen-pulsed matured dendritic cells (DCs), including neoantigen-pulsed vaccines.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research