LGP85/LIMP-2 is a type III transmembrane glycoprotein of lysosomes, which traverses the membrane twice with an N-terminal uncleaved signal sequence and C-terminal hydrophobic domain. In addition to functioning as a receptor for a lysosomal enzyme β-glucocerebrosidase and for several enteroviruses, LGP85 plays a key role in the biogenesis and maintenance of endosomal/lysosomal compartments (ELCs). Our previous studies have demonstrated that overexpression of rat LGP85 into COS cells results in the enlarged ELCs, from where membrane trafficking is impaired. We show here that rat LGP85 is polyubiquitinated at the N-terminal short cytoplasmic domain that comprises of only three amino acid residues, alanine, arginine, and cysteine. Replacement of either arginine or cysteine with alanine within the N-terminal cytoplasmic domain did not influence the ubiquitination of LGP85, thereby indicating that ubiquitin (Ub) is conjugated to the α-NH2 group of the N-terminal alanine residue. Furthermore, we were able to define a domain necessary for ubiquitination in a region ranging from the amino acids 156 to 255 within the lumenal domain of LGP85. This is the first report showing that the integral lysosomal membrane protein LGP85 is ubiquitinated.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology