Macrophages are key participants in angiogenesis. In this study on human brain tumors, we first investigated whether macrophage infiltration is associated with angiogenesis and malignant histological appearance. Immunostaining of macrophages and small vessels in resected glioma specimens indicated that numbers of infiltrating macrophages and small vessel density were higher in glioblastomas than in astrocytomas or anaplastic astrocytomas. Macrophage infiltration was closely correlated with vascular density in human gliomas. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is the rate-limiting enzyme in heme catabolism, was also associated with activated macrophages. Expression of mRNA encoding HO-1 was correlated with macrophage infiltration and vascular density in human glioma samples. Infiltrating macrophages were positively stained with anti-HO-1 antibody by immunohistochemical analysis, and in situ hybridization for HO-1 indicated that HO-1 was expressed in infiltrating macrophages in gliomas. HO-1 gene may be a useful marker for macrophage infiltration as well as neovascularization in human gliomas.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research