We examined whether macrophage infiltration is associated with angiogenesis in cutaneous melanoma. The numbers of macrophages and microvessels increased significantly with increasing depth of tumor and with tumor angiogenesis. Macrophage infiltration thus appeared to provide a useful diagnostic marker for the progression of cutaneous melanoma. We further examined whether human melanoma cells produce angiogenic factors in response to macrophage-derived cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α). Treatment of melanoma cells with TNFα and IL- 1α in vitro enhanced the production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to a lesser degree, in human melanoma cells. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- activated human monocytes enhanced production of IL-8, VEGF, TNF α, as well as IL-1α, but not bFGF. Co-culture of human monocytes and human melanoma cells was also found to significantly enhance production of IL-8 and VEGF in the absence and presence of LPS, compared with either monocytes or melanoma cells alone. The production of IL-8 and VEGF from co-cultured melanoma cells and LPS-activated monocytes was blocked when anti-TNF-α antibody or anti-IL- 1α antibody was co-administrated. This is direct evidence that production of the potent angiogenic factors IL-8 and VEGF from melanoma cells is up- regulated through TNFα and/or IL-1α secreted by activated monocytes/macrophages, influencing both tumor growth and angiogenesis in melanomas.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 15 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research